Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (2023)

CWhat is visual art? Fine art is a work meant to be seen visually. There are many different types of fine art, and creative work can be accomplished using a variety of materials, methods, and techniques. In this article, we will look at the different forms of fine art and examples of fine art.

Table of contents

  • 1 What are the three types of visual arts?
    • 1.1 Fine Arts
    • 1.2 Decorative Arts
    • 1.3 Commercial Art
  • 2 The various classifications of art
    • 2.1 Representational Art
    • 2.2 Abstract Art
    • 2.3 Non-Objective Art
  • 3 Frequently Asked Questions
    • 3.1 What are the three types of visual art?
    • 3.2 What is visual art?

What three types of visual art are there?

While the broader definition of "art" includes everything from painting to theatre, music, design and more, the definition of fine art includes those artistic achievements that are visible, such as statues or paintings. These types of fine arts can be divided into three categories: decorative, commercial, and fine arts. Each of these types of fine art has subcategories and can be representational, abstract, or non-objective.

Painting, sculpture, clothing or fashion design, sketching, printing, ceramics, photography, videography, film, graphic or commercial style, handicrafts and architecture are examples of more fine arts. Let's consider these different types of visual art as examples of visual art.

Visual arts

Visual artsIt can be described as a type of art created primarily for its visually appealing qualities. This concept differentiates and elevates the fine arts over decorative and commercial arts, which also have a functional purpose. High art allows an artist's creativity to be fully expressed and displayed without regard to commercial or practical factors such as utility.

While the visual arts can encompass seven different art categories, the visual arts are traditionally limited to three: sculpture, painting, and architecture.

However, broader definitions of fine art would also include drawing. Even if they were precursors to painting or three-dimensional art forms, master sketches are recognized as works of art in their own right. Beginning in the Renaissance, the term "fine art" was used to separate certain art forms from new types of commercial design or craft work. What makes this art "good" is not an observation about the caliber of the piece in question. Rather, the definition relates to the technique and integrity of the discipline.

Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (1)Breakfast in the meadow(1866) by Claude Monet, is housed in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, France;Claude Monet, public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Other types of fine art can be of high quality without being called "fine art". Although "fine arts" is primarily a Western expression, other civilizations have recognized comparable divisions between "higher" and "lower" arts. Sculpture, painting, and building architecture are commonly referred to as "principal arts" and "minor arts" refers to decorative or commercial artistic genres.

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Architecture is the only kind of great visual art that has any sense of utility or practicality. However, not all common structures are classified as fine architecture.

However, the architect's design must embody a sense of beauty and inventiveness. Renowned visual artists often enjoy a higher standing and notoriety than their decorative and commercial counterparts, either in life or after death. Older works of art, such as those from antiquity, are generally considered works of art. Michelangelo and da Vinci, among the "Old Masters" who painted among therebirthand 1800s, are notable fine painters. While many old or classic works of art qualify as works of art, so do new and contemporary works.

Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (2)A good example of architecture is Saint Basil's Cathedral on Red Square in Moscow. Its distinctive onion-shaped domes, painted in bright colors, create an unforgettable skyline and make St. Basil's Basilica a symbol of Moscow and Russia as a whole;PIERRE ANDRE LECLERCQ,CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Withinimpressionism, Expressionism and other styles of contemporary art, a new class of visual painters emerged from the 19th century. Well-known painters in these genres includeVincent van Gogh, Paul Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Umberto Boccioni and Claude Monet.

Many modern visual artists have expanded the definition of visual art by drawing on motivations or elements from other forms of visual art.

However, the uniqueness and limitations of his art, as well as his unrestricted creative freedom, keep modern visual artists at the top of their game.Jeff Koons, David Kracov, Yayoi Kasuma, Barbara Kruger und Damien Hirstare among the best-known modern visual artists today.

decorative art

Decorative art is often dismissed as an art form because it is both aesthetically pleasing and functional. The terms "decorative arts" and "crafts" may be used interchangeably; The design and construction are attractive and functional. Objects made for the interior of structures and interior design are examples of decorative arts, but architecture is generally not included.

Decorative arts may include commons, but are separate from mass-produced reproductions of those items.

Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (3)Lily Branch or Madonna Lily Egg by Fabergé;Shakko,CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

In general, an object is considered decorative art when it has been handcrafted by a skilled craftsman. Ceramics, glass, carpentry, fabrics, glass and metalwork are common decorative arts techniques. Each of these media can be subdivided; For example, the textile medium includes everything from clothing to tapestries, basketry, sewing, and furnishing materials.

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Ornamental arts are widespread in cultures around the world. Among others, the textile designer William Morris, the jewelery and ceramics craftsman Peter Carl Fabergé are among the best-known decorative artists.

In comparison to their painting or sculpting colleagues, decoration artists are often unknown. However, her work is equally significant in conveying stories and histories of past and present societies.

advertising graphics

Commercial art, like decorative art, can be both useful and aesthetically pleasing. It is an artistic service aimed at monetary gain, like marketing. Commercial art is used to generate interest and sales of businesses, goods, and concepts. Brands and companies commission commercial art to convey a specific message to an audience.

Graphic design, photography, illustration, animation, print, broadcast, apparel, visual effects, product development, and motion graphics are examples of commercial arts.

Commercial art can be seen in a variety of mediums including publications, websites, apps, television, point of sale displays and product packaging. Commercial artworks are often seen in new media, but have been used to advertise items for millennia. This art form is used not only by businesses and corporations, but also by the government and military as a means of communication. Commercial painters created famous military recruitment posters, state propaganda, and even infrastructure projects.

Commercial artwork includes the famous London Underground logo, early Coca-Cola ads andSopa Campbell von Andy WarholAdvertising Advertising artists are recruited or hired to produce artwork for paying clients. Commercial artists, unlike good painters, typically work for short periods of time, but may still have enough flexibility or artistry to create groundbreaking or experimental commercial art. Many of the avant-garde painters who worked during theArt Deco, Jugendstil, and pop art eras were commercial artists.

Andy Warhol,Norman Rockwell, Alphonse Mucha and Takashi Murakami are among the best-known commercial painters.

Some artists started their careers in commercial art before moving on to fine art and vice versa. These artists are often responsible for blurring the lines between high and low art and challenging concepts of exclusivity typically associated with fine art.

Before Andy Warhol became the well-known artist he is today, he created artworks for companies such as Campbell's Soup and Brillo.contemporary artistslike Takashi Murakami continue to blur the lines by creating fine art that incorporates styles and motifs from "low-grade" commercial arts like anime. Murakami exhibits and develops fine art as well as mass-produced commercial art, often in collaboration with companies like Louis Vuitton and artists like Kanye West and Billie Eilish.

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The various classifications of art

Three categories are used to characterize artworks across all fine arts. Artworks always fall into one of these three categories. The categories are Figurative Art,Abstract art, and non-representational art.

representational art

Any artwork that depicts a clearly recognizable or recognizable subject is considered figurative art. Performance art is the most universally recognized and popular form of art. Because the other two groups, non-representational and abstract, are comparatively younger forms, this category also has the most accessible art.

Most ancient and classical art is classified asfigurative art.

Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (4)Visit of Auvers-Sur-Oise, view of Chevet(1890) by Vincent van Gogh; located in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, France;Vincent van Gogh, public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Although showing real elements, figurative art is not necessarily hyper-realistic; In contrast to photography, it does not have to reproduce the subject correctly. Vincent van Gogh, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci,Eduard Hopper, and Frida Kahlo are examples of representative artists.

Abstract art

Abstract art builds on subjects or is inspired by reality and depicts it in a way that differs from the way we see the same subjects in our daily lives. This can include highlighting lines, shapes, or colors that change the subject. Cubism, minimalism and precision are subcategories of abstract art. Abstraction can also occur when the artist perceives subjects in an unconventional way.

Abstraction is a relatively recent addition to the art world, having its origins in the Impressionists' departure from realism.

In the late 19th century, it began to gain popularity in various forms around the world. Painters began to take a more intellectual approach to their work. This new art method can be seen in Magritte's art.The betrayal of images, which was completed in 1939. The words "This is not a whistle" are in French below a figurative painting of a whistle. The idea is that the artwork is simply an image of a whistle, not the whistle itself. Artists of this period saw paintings as images, enabling a new mode of intellectual expression.

Many people find it difficult to understand the differences between abstraction and non-representational art. The obvious difference is in the theme.

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A work of art is considered abstract when the creator begins with a theme of reality. Despite its growing popularity, abstraction is only around 200 years old and remains a misunderstood art form. Mark Rothko, Henri Mattise, Georges Braque and othersjaspe johnsare examples of abstract painters.

non-representational art

Non-representational art does not deviate from reality in any way. It is similar to abstraction, but differs in that it is not grounded in reality. Non-objective art, on the other hand, uses art components, materials, and concepts to produce visually pleasing work.

Wassily Kandinsky, Jackson Pollock,Piet Mondrian, and Sonia Delaunay are examples of non-objective artists.

Types of Fine Art - Discover the different forms of fine art that exist (5)yellow red blue(1925) by Wassily Kandinsky housed in the Musée National d'Art Moderne in Paris, France;Wassily Kandinsky, public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

With this we conclude our overview of the different forms of visual art and examples of visual art by artists in these forms. Today, the term "fine arts" includes both commercial and fine arts as well as applied arts and crafts. Although it wasn't always like that. Until the 20th century, the term "artist" was often reserved and limited to artists in the visual arts. Artists in artisan, craft, commercial, and industrial art mediums have often been overlooked. Today there is a much broader respect for the skill and talent of artists in all types of visual arts.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What three types of visual art are there?

The definition of fine art includes visible works of art such as monuments and paintings. These fine arts are classified into three types: decorative, commercial and fine arts. Each of these fine art genres includes subcategories that can be figurative, abstract, or non-objective. Painting, sculpture, costume or fashion design, drawing, printing, ceramics, photography, videography, film, graphic or commercial style, crafts, and architecture are some examples of broader fine arts disciplines.

What is visual art?

The broader definition of the arts includes everything from painting to theatre, music, design and more, the definition of fine arts includes those artistic achievements that are visible, such as statues or paintings. The artist's goal usually informs us about the type of work we are looking at. That being said, the application of the medium can have an impact on the nature of the artwork.


What are the 7 fine arts? ›

However, today contemporary fine art is more than just painting and is defined by 7 fine art disciplines: painting, sculpture, architecture, poetry, music, literature, and dance.

What are the 7 different forms of art and identify its meaning? ›

The seven different art forms are Painting, Sculpture, Literature, Architecture, Theater, Film, and Music. However, back in the day, the seven different art forms were called the Liberal Arts, consisting of Grammar, Logic, Rhetoric, Arithmetic, Geometry, Astronomy, and Music.

What are the 3 categories of fine arts? ›

The three fine arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture are sometimes also called the “major arts”, with “minor arts” referring to commercial or decorative art styles.

How many art forms are there in fine arts? ›

The seven major forms of art are painting, sculpture, architecture, literature, music, cinema, and theater.

What is fine art and examples? ›

Examples of fine art include drawing, painting, architecture, and sculpture. Drawing is a fine art that involves creating an image through the use of line and shadow. An example of a newer fine art is photography.

What are the 64 fine arts? ›

64 Arts
  • Geeta vidya: singing.
  • Vadya vidya: playing on musical instruments.
  • Nritya vidya: dancing.
  • Natya vidya: theatricals.
  • alekhya vidya: painting.
  • viseshakacchedya vidya: painting the face and body with color.
  • tandula-kusuma-bali-vikara: preparing offerings from rice and flowers.

What are the 5 main arts? ›

Traditional categories within the arts include literature (including poetry, drama, story, and so on), the visual arts (painting, drawing, sculpture, etc.), the graphic arts (painting, drawing, design, and other forms expressed on flat surfaces), the plastic arts (sculpture, modeling), the decorative arts (enamelwork, ...

What are the 7 common art forms? ›

However, the seven forms of art that most clearly show us how history and society have changed over time are undoubtedly cinema, paintings, architecture, sculptures, literature, theatre, and music.

What are the 8 forms of art? ›

Understanding the 8 Art Forms
  • Painting. Painting is what most people think of when we think of art. ...
  • Sculpture. Sculpture is three-dimensional art made by one of four basic processes: carving, modelling, casting, or constructing. ...
  • Photography. ...
  • Digital art. ...
  • Drawing. ...
  • Ceramic. ...
  • Collage. ...
  • Mosaic.
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